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This page describes the three kinds of termite, subterranean, drywood and dampwood.
Termites are classified into three categories depending on their nesting and feeding habits: subterranean, drywood and dampwood.
Subterranean termites are the most common kind of termite that are one of the most destructive pests and infests wood. Outdoors wood that is dead is mostly infested by them in contact with the dirt, such as stumps, trees and fallen branches. They prefer even though they can digest wood wood which has some amount of rust which makes it easier for them to digest it. .
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Subterranean termites will need to be to survive, where they can easily acquire moisture making their nests in or near the ground. They tunnel to access wood or moist soil and in seasons that they tunnel down deeper to achieve moisture. .
The termites use dirt as a material to build nests and shelter tubes, which can be composed of faeces, wood, soil and saliva. Some species construct carton nests above ground and build shelter tubes (also called sand tubes) to connect the nest into the ground.
Foraging is determined by the weather, with little activity in dry conditions or winter and action in summer after rainfall. In areas they could forage all year round, with peaks through wetter conditions.
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Termites live in small colonies less than 1000 people, wholly inside parts of timber. There might be small colonies such as a piece of furniture inside one piece of timber or object. They can feed across rings as is normal subterranean termites so that the galleries don't follow the grain of timber, however they are inclined to avoid heartwood.
Colonies may grow for many years undetected until the wood breaks or even the swarm. The alates, which are may not look at this site be produced for years in a colony that was brand new before the population reaches a critical point. They then leave the nest to set up and discover a new website in order to mate and begin a new colony, usually not. .
Wood that stays moist due to contact or through a water flow in a building is normally infested by termites. They are most likely to infest timber that's outside stump or logs in contact.
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Termites live inside the timber they feed and create galleries that are open. As with termites, they may infest timber for years before they're found, which is most likely when the alates swarm from a colony. Swarming may occur over several months, with species swarming at times.
If they're found at a building they are an indication of a moisture issue. Removing the source of moisture can are usually minor pests and controls in buildings them. In trees that they have a tendency to feed on wood that is dead and rotting.
Termite species can be tricky to recognize, even for the specialists. Identification is usually dependent on the soldiers, which is the caste which has the features that were most readily distinguishable.
Of the species listed above, it is the Coptotermes species that are public enemy number 1 in Australia.
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The mind of the soldier is and yellowish with darker thin mandibles. Body is left up to 7 mm long. It is easily confused with two other native Coptotermes species, including C. frenchi and C. lacteus (Victoria Museum)
The soldiers produce a white sticky liquid out of an opening (fontanelle) on front of head when protecting the nest from attack.
Mounds are not typically built by coptotermes species, but in Queensland and other regions of Australia. They nests in trees, sticks, stumps, buried timber under buildings spaces, around houses and in walls. Favoured trees for nesting are English oaks, various eucalypts and peppercorns. The colony is found at the root crown or the lower portion of the trunk.
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Though Mastotermes darwiniensis is the locally across its limited range in tropical Australia coptotermes acinaciformis is the most destructive termite species in Australia overall. C. acinaciformis strikes all lumber structures and obligations forest and ornamental trees in addition to fruit trees.